Wolfgang Ludwig (1923 - 2009)

Wolfgang Ludwig is an important artist of Op art, a style created in the 1960ies, whose representatives generated surprising optical effects on the viewer by means of precise abstract patterns and geometrical "colour figures".

Ludwig, who until 1956 studied with Hans Uhlmann and Alexander Camaro at the Hochschule für Bildende Künste, lived in Berlin and belonged to the circle of the ZERO movement. Having in the beginning focussed on coloured phenomena, he concentrated as from 1963, on his group of works of cinematic disks. He eliminated all colours and reduced his works to black and white. He constructed and painted circular, radial systems with even rays in black on a white background or vice versa. With these disc constructions, Ludwig searched for possibilities to „stress“ the perception of the viewer, as he put it himself.  Although the structures are purely static, the systems seem to start rotating slowly after a few seconds of looking at them. This rotation seems to happen clockwise and swing back in a counter-rotation. An affliction of his hand put a premature end to his creative work. As from 1971 he concentrated on his professorship in visual communication at the Hochschule für Bildende Künste in Berlin. In spite of his comparatively short period of active and creative production,  Ludwig’s art is internationally acknowledged. His works are represented in retrospective Op-art exhibitions to this day, e.g. in 2007 at the „Optic Nerve“ show at the Columbus Museum of Art, Ohio.

1923 Born in Mielesdorf, Thüringen

 

1947 - 1950 Studies at the Hochschule für Grafik und Buchkunst, Leipzig

 

1950 - 1956 Studies at the Hochschule für Bildende Künste, Berlin with Hans Uhlmann and Alexander Camaro

 

1963 - 1970 Concentration on the group of works of cinematic discs 

 

1971 - 1991Professor for visual communication at the Hochschule für Bildende Künste, Berlin

 

2009 Died in Berlin

1963 Participation in the exhibition "ZERO", Galerie Diogenes, Berlin

 

1965 Participation in the exhibition "The Responsive Eye" at the Museum of Modern Art, New York

 

1966 First single exhibition with the cinematic discs at the situation 60 Galerie, Berlin

 

          Participation in the exhibition "Junge Generation - Maler und Bildhauer in Deutschland" at the Akademie der Künste, Berlin

1970 Exhibition at the Galerie m, Bochum (together with Francois Morellet)

 

2007 Participation in the exhibition "Op Art" at the Schirn Kunsthalle, Frankfurt a.M.

 

          "Optic Nerve" at the Columbus Museum of Art, Ohio

 

2010 "Wolfgang Ludwig. Arbeiten von 1958-1979", Galerie Dierking, Zurich

 

2013 A Century of Light and Motion in art, 1913-2013, Grand Palais, Paris

 

2017 A Tribute to the Responsive Eye, Galerie Dierking, Zürich